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Biographical Texts from Ramessid Egypt (Writings from the by Elizabeth Frood

By Elizabeth Frood

The Ramessid interval in Egypt (ca. 1290-1075 B.C.E.) corresponds to the overdue Bronze Age, a time of significant swap either in Egypt and the close to East. this era of empire, ruled via the determine of Ramesses II, witnessed the most important advancements in paintings, language, and spiritual demonstrate. Biographical Texts from Ramessid Egypt deals insights into those cultural variations in the course of the voices of forty-five clergymen, artists, civil officers, and army males who served below the kings of the 19th and 20th Dynasties. Sixty-five biographical texts, which have been inscribed in tombs, on statues and stelae in temples, and really on temple partitions, provide info in their careers and personality. The metrically prepared translations are brought via descriptions of the texts huge contexts and, the place attainable, summaries of the careers in their proprietors. the quantity presents an creation to the old history of the Ramessid interval, drawing jointly key issues and interpretive concerns raised through the texts and their contexts. those contain the illustration of relationships to deities and the king, the thematization of the priestly lifestyles, and implications of alterations within the texts media, together with new ornamental courses of nonroyal tombs. This integration of textual content with context sheds gentle at the which means of biographical writing in historic Egypt as a complete.

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This alliance was reinforced by two diplomatic marriages between Ramesses and Hittite princesses. Within Egypt, Ramesses undertook building programs on an unprecedented scale. He established a new capital city, Piramesse, near Avaris, which had been the capital of the foreign rulers of Egypt during the Second Intermediate period. He also undertook works of expansion in most major temple complexes. A salient feature of this building work is the focus on Nubia: Ramesses II built eight rock-cut temples in Nubia, some of which, such as the pair at Abu Simbel, are innovative in their form, scale, and decorative programs.

28) whose inscriptions include speeches directed to the statue itself, vividly setting out its role within the temple. His texts mobilize alternative ways of thematizing the self and offer insights into the meaning of temple statues, a central medium for biography in the Ramessid period. 2. Changing Contexts When interpreting Ramessid nonroyal monuments, it is vital to take into INTRODUCTION 21 account space and setting because demarcations of decorum were relaxed and contexts of self-presentation were changing.

A similar dedication of space occurs in Djehutyemheb’s tomb. Its temple-like setting culminates with the biographical text in the shrine, which narrates Hathor’s designation of land for Djehutyemheb’s tomb in a dream (no. 12a). For a biography to be included in the shrine of a tomb is striking; traditionally such texts had been inscribed in the hall. Thus Djehutyemheb narrated direct, lived experience of the divine in the inner, most sacred part of the tomb. The text marks, governs, and protects the space for Djehutyemheb’s mummy in the burial chamber below by mobilizing his intimate connection with the goddess.

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