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Biofuels from lignocellulosic biomass: innovations beyond by Michael Boot

By Michael Boot

Written through specialists in combustion know-how, it is a distinct and clean point of view at the present biofuel dialogue, providing the most recent learn during this vital field.
The emphasis all through this reference is on functions, business views and economics, concentrating on new periods of biofuels corresponding to butanols, levulinates, benzenoids and others. sincerely established, each one bankruptcy provides a brand new classification of biofuel and discusses such themes as creation pathways, gas homes and its effect on engines.
the result's a desirable, user-oriented assessment of recent periods of biofuels past bioethanol.

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Since the work of Miller et al. [28], n-butanol was not further explored as a diesel fuel until 2008. Miers et al. [65] conducted a full drive cycle test for 20 and 40 vol% of n-butanol with ultralow-sulfur diesel (ULSD) in a light-duty vehicle (1999 Mercedes Benz C220 turbo diesel vehicle). The vehicle was calibrated for 100% diesel fuel, and the engine control unit (ECU) was not modified for n-butanol fuel blends. Fuel economy increased as the n-butanol concentration increased, with cold-start conditions contributing most to decreased fuel economy.

In 1998, Alasfour [37, 38] studied blends of 30 vol% iso-butanol in gasoline using a fixed-speed Hydra single cylinder engine at a range of equivalence ratios. NOx emissions were lower in the iso-butanol blend compared to straight gasoline. , evaporative charge cooling effect). As expected, BSFC increased in the iso-butanol blend compared to straight gasoline. 3 n-Pentanol There is a lack of research on n-pentanol combustion in SI engine; however, several CI engine studies have been performed (see the following section).

27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. Turbocharged Diesel Engine. 4271/810680. , Johansson, R. et al. (2009) Ethanol-diesel fumigation in a multi-cylinder engine. SAE Int. J. , 1 (1), 26–36. , and Yasbin, R. (1980) Methanol Fumigation of a Light Duty Automotive Diesel Engine. 4271/801379. , and Attard, W. (2010) A Review of Pre-Chamber Initiated Jet Ignition Combustion Systems. 4271/2010-01-2263. Attard, W. and Blaxill, H. (2012) A gasoline fueled pre-chamber jet ignition combustion system at unthrottled conditions.

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