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Before the Pyramids: The Origins of Egyptian Civilization by Emily Teeter

By Emily Teeter

This catalog for an convey at Chicago's Oriental Institute Museum provides the most recent learn at the Predynastic and Early Dynastic sessions in a lavishly illustrated structure. Essays at the upward push of the nation, touch with the Levant and Nubia, crafts, writing, iconography, and proof from Abydos, inform el-Farkha, Hierakonpolis, and the Delta, have been contributed by means of best students within the box. The catalog positive aspects 129 Predynastic and Early Dynastic items, such a lot from the Oriental Institute's assortment, that illustrate the environmental environment, Predynastic and Early Dynastic tradition, faith, and the royal burials at Abydos. This quantity could be a typical reference and a staple for lecture room use.

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3), a contemporary depiction of which may well be present on the unique decorated pot recovered from the Fort cemetery (fig. 4) (Logan 1990). In use for over five hundred years (Naqada IIA period–Dynasty 1), the ceremonial center underwent several renovations, but because its caretakers were fastidious housekeepers, it is the trash pits they dug around the peripheries that provide us with unique glimpses of actual cultic practices in the Predynastic age (Friedman 2009). These pits contained thousands (37,500) of animal bones deriving from domestic livestock and fish as well as a diverse array of wild animals.

In the oldest levels of occupation (Eiwanger 1984), the settlement remains are limited to a few light housing structures (hearths, shallow pits, and postholes). Ceramics are represented by open shapes (dishes, bowls, and cups) with thick walls without temper. Incised herringbone pattern decoration is attested on a few specimens (fig. 2). The presence of domesticated animals (sheep for the most part, but also cattle, pigs, and goats in lesser proportion) indicates that the inhabitants of Merimda exhibited Neolithic characteristics.

Ceramics are represented by open shapes (dishes, bowls, and cups) with thick walls without temper. Incised herringbone pattern decoration is attested on a few specimens (fig. 2). The presence of domesticated animals (sheep for the most part, but also cattle, pigs, and goats in lesser proportion) indicates that the inhabitants of Merimda exhibited Neolithic characteristics. The lithic material is characterized by the production of blades and flakes, as well as bifacial retouched tools (scrapers, drills).

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