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BATTLE OF THE BALTIC ISLANDS 1917: Triumph of the Imperial by Gary Staff

By Gary Staff

In overdue 1917, the Russians, regardless of the revolution, have been nonetheless keen to proceed the struggle opposed to Germany. this can be an account of Operation Albion, the hugely profitable sea borne operation introduced via the Germans to alter their minds. The Baltic Islands have been pivotal for the protection of the Finnish Gulf and St. Petersburg, so their catch was once crucial for any crusade in the direction of the Russian capital. basically after the autumn of the islands did Russia start peace negotiations (freeing approximately part 1000000 German squaddies for the Kaiser's final gamble at the Western Front). This then was once a crusade of significant importance for the struggle on either japanese and Western fronts.

A huge a part of the excessive Sea Fleet took half within the invasion of the Baltic islands, together with the main smooth dreadnought battleships. The Russians fixed a resolute protection regardless of being seriously outgunned and over a 10 day interval there have been many naval clashes round the islands in addition to the crusade ashore, all of that are defined intimately with using either Russian and German first hand accounts.

This booklet shatters the parable that the Imperial German military spent the final years of the conflict cowering in port.


"A very targeted operational account of the hugely profitable German amphibious landings in October of 1917 at the Russian islands of Osel and Dago, off what's now Lithuania.... very important examining for an individual drawn to amphibious and joint operations." The NYMAS evaluation, iciness 2009

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Extra resources for BATTLE OF THE BALTIC ISLANDS 1917: Triumph of the Imperial German Navy

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In the meantime, in accordance with the operational plan, a diversion was being conducted to the east of the Sworbe Peninsula. The object was to deceive the Russians into thinking that a landing was imminent on Sworbe. At about 2100hrs the previous evening Vizeadmiral Souchon had led 1st Division of the IV Battle Squadron, Friedrich der Grosse and König Albert , away from the main body to the southeast, where they anchored out of sight of land. Towards 0400hrs on the morning of October 12th the unit weighed anchor and steered towards the coast, screened against submarines and mines by the boats of the 15th Torpedoboat Half Flotilla (15 TBHF).

The installations were in the open, without protection, and the magazines were constructed of timber and earthworks with oak doors. This would later have tragic consequences. There were two other batteries on the Zerel Peninsula. Battery No 40, of four 120mm cannons, was built near Karust and Battery No 41, of four 130mm guns, was positioned between Mento and Lebera. Most of the aforementioned batteries were well protected by numerous 75mm anti-aircraft gun batteries. The second part of the defences of the Irben Straits were the extensive minefields laid over a long period.

By around 0600hrs Battery Toffri could be made out clearly and at 0602hrs the heavy calibre guns opened fire, followed briefly by the medium calibre guns. At ranges varying from 10,200 to 9,300 meters the battleship fired twenty-four 38cm shells and seventy 15cm shells. After the third salvo from Bayern the Russian battery replied; however, they took the boats of the S-Flotilla as their targets. As observed from Emden, the battleship’s fire was landing over the battery, but soon a warehouse and barracks were hit and caught fire, burning for several hours.

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