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Additional resources for Bacterial cellular metabolic systems: Metabolic regulation of a cell system with 13C-metabolic flux analysis
Removal or transfer of a single electron and H+ gives the ubisemiquinone radical (UQ*−). This radical may be stabilized when bound to a protein in association with UQH2 oxidase, and cytochrome bo’ in E. , 1995; Soballe and Poole, 1999). An important property of UQ is its hydrophobicity, which allows free movement in the membrane. 15, where the nucleus is derived from chorismate, whereas the prenyl side chain is derived from prenyldiphosphate, and the methyl groups are derived from S-adenosylmethionine.
40) to produce pyruvate (PYR), and the phosphate group of PEP is transferred to ADP to produce ATP. 5 shows the overall pentose phosphate (PP) pathway, which connects to the EMP pathway at G6P, F6P, and GAP. 49) to produce d-glucono-δ-lactone 6-phosphate (PGL). 15) A second NADP+-linked oxidation produces d-ribulose 5-phosphate (Rib5P) from 6 PG this reaction is catalyzed by phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGDH), where the C-1 atom of 6 PG is released as CO2 to form Rib5P. 2). 20) Note that the pathway reaction from G6P to Rib5P is unidirectional and is known as the oxidative PP pathway, while the other reactions in the PP pathway are reversible, so it is called the non-oxidative PP pathway.
In the reaction of O2 addition, 1 mole of 3 PG and 1 mole of phosphogrycerate are formed. The 3 PG formed at the oxygen addition reaction of Rib1,5BP enters the Calvin cycle, and 2 moles of 2 PG(C2) are oxidized to produce 1 mole of CO2 and 1 mole of 3 PG (C3), and these again enter the Calvin cycle. During the oxygen addition process, NADH and ATP are used. After light-dependent O2 uptake is catalyzed by RubisCo, this is released as CO2 by the phospho-glycerate metabolism. This is called photorespiration.