By Charles A. Amann (auth.), Robert L. Evans (eds.)
This ebook comprises the lawsuits of the foreign Symposium on substitute and complex automobile Engines, held in Vancouver, B.C., on August eleven and 12, 1986. The symposium used to be subsidized by way of EXPO 86 and The college of British Columbia, and was once a part of the really good classes application of EXPO 86, the 1986 world's reasonable held in Vancouver. a few eighty attendees have been drawn from eleven nations, representing the tutorial, vehicle purpose and massive engine groups. the aim of the symposium used to be to supply a severe overview of the most important choices to the inner combustion engine. The scope of the symposium was once constrained to attention of combustion engines, in order that electrical strength, for instance, was once no longer thought of. This was once now not a reflec tion at the attainable contribution which electrical propulsion might make sooner or later, yet relatively an try and concentration the complaints extra sharply than if all attainable propulsion structures were thought of. during this means the entire individuals have been capable of perform the occasionally full of life dialogue classes following the presentation of every paper.
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Extra info for Automotive Engine Alternatives
C. A. " SAE Transactions 89, 4561-4593 (1980). R. M. Heavenrich, J. D. Murrell and J. P. Chang, "Light Duty Automotive Trends Through 1986. 11 SAE Paper 860366 (1986). c. A. " International Journal of Vehicle Design 7, 1-34 (1986). s. Luchter and R. A. S. Energy Research and Development Report ERDA-77-54 (1977). w. H. Haverdink, F. E. Heffner and C. A. " Proceedings of the 22nd Automotive Technology Development Contractors' Meeting, 151-166 (1985). J. S. Collman, C. A. Amann, C. C. Matthews, R.
The conversion efficiency of the NOx catalyst falls sharply in the presence of oxygen, thus ruling out the lean23 burn approach. While the NOx catalyst accepts rich mixtures, that approach is discouraged by the increase in HC and CO emissions and by deteriorating fuel economy. Running between these two extremes, very close to the stoichiometric ratio, and diluting the cylinder charge with EGR was the path selected. The traditional carburetor could not hold the air-fuel ratio sufficiently close to the stoichiometric value under all driving conditions, however.
This allows some mixing time before combustion. In the late-injection (L-DISC) version , injection starts much later during compression. The spark is fired during the injection period, meaning that fuel is sprayed into an existing flame as in the diesel engine. S. emission standards for HC and/or NOx. Both require an oxidizing catalyst. Both are subjects of ongoing research because of their attractive fuel-economy potential, which exceeds that of the homogeneous-charge lean-burn engine. The L-DISC engine has a multifuel capability, but at high loads it is smoke-limited like the diesel.