By Antoine S. Lussier, Ian L. Getty
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Extra resources for As Long As the Sun Shines and Water Flows: A Reader in Canadian Native Studies
35 Social Darwinists argued, therefore, that the Indians must be helped to adjust themselves to their inevitable fate; they would have to adapt themselves to the white man's economy by learning to live and think like white men. The school 14 As Long As The Sun Shines And The Water Flows teacher, the missionary, the farm instructor would make the Indians of Canada into dark-skinned white men. Interestingly enough, the decline of the numbers of natives was halted not by cultural assimilation but by improvements in medicine, inadequate and limited though they were.
The three most adamant were British Columbia, Alberta, and Manitoba, the first two of which were faced with extensive native land claims. 52 As a result, the amendments, accepted by all federal parties in January, had to be dropped by the prime minister in November, in order to secure provincial consent for the new constitution. For the present, the excision of the native rights' clause appeared to be a defeat for Canada's native peoples. Said the Hon. Jack Austin, the federal secretary of state, "It is a subject of personal agony to me — to see this result of the November 5 decision .
Diamond Jenness, The Indians of Canada, National Museum of Canada, Bulletin no. 65, 2d ed. ), p. 264. On the question of assimilation, see J. L. Tobias, "Indian Reserves in Western Canada: Indian Homeland or Devices for Assimilation," in D. A. Muise, Approaches to Native History. 36. Sally M. Weaver, Making Canadian Indian Policy, the Hidden Agenda (Toronto, 1981), p. 179. 37. , p. 185 ff. 26 As Long As The Sun Shines And The Water Flows 38. Morris, pp. 126-42. 39. Delia Opekokew, The First Nations: Indian Government and the Canadian Confederation, Federation of Saskatchewan Indians (Saskatoon, 1980), p.