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Ancient Records of Egypt: The Eighteenth dynasty by James Henry Breasted

By James Henry Breasted

This quantity extends Breasted's extraordinary documentary heritage in the course of the reign of King Tutankhamun. by means of supplying the 1st definitive transcription and the 1st English model of hundreds and hundreds of ancient documents inscribed on papyrus or leather-based or carved in stone, Breasted gave unheard of entry to info of royal succession, army conquest, spiritual upheaval, administrative complexity, and different features of historic Egyptian civilization. initially released within the first decade of the 20 th century, his huge paintings looks right here in paperback for the 1st time. The Eighteenth Dynasty observed the consolidation of the cult of Amun and the growth of the temple of Amun-Re at Karnak, in addition to a spiritual revolution less than King Akhenaten that concerned leaving behind Thebes as a non secular capital and royal place of dwelling and founding a brand new urban dedicated to the provider of the recent sunlight god, Aten. Breasted provides documents of the biography and coronation of Queen Hatshepsut, together with reliefs that depict the queen's day trip to the land of Punt. additionally during this quantity are the annals of Thutmose III, supplying the main entire account of the army achievements of any Egyptian king; scenes representing the supernatural beginning and coronation through the gods of his son, Amenhotep II; and, inscriptions from the tomb of Rekhmire, top minister or vizier less than Thutmose III, that come with a list of taxes paid to the temple and overseas tribute continuing from the king's 20 years of army task in Asia. A herculean assemblage of fundamental files, a lot of that have deteriorated to illegibility due to the fact that its unique ebook, "Ancient files of Egypt" illuminates either the remarkable complexity of Egyptian society and the just about insuperable problems of reconstructing a misplaced civilization.

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172), which mostly sustains Lepsius, Denkmaler, but furnishes some important corrections. Valuable discussion of difficult passages by Piehl, Proceedings of the Socieby of Biblical Archeology, XV, 256-58, and Sphinx, 111, 7-12. bThe family is far older than the Empire, and already under the Thirteenth Dynasty enjoyed the favor of the king (Lepsius, Denkmder, 111, 14, b ) ; but it is impossible to trace the line back of Ahmose, son of Ebana's grandmother. cA boundary stone marking one limit of such a gift by Thutmose I was acquired hy the Berlin Museum in 1899.

EFor the same phrase applied to a successor, see I, 692. fThe goddess of western Thebes. gThe pronoun refers to Thebes; the foreign captives are to be employed on her buildings. hTo Thebes, the royal residence. 30 EIGHTEENTH DYNASTY: THUTMOSE I [B 71 Horus, Lord of the Two Lands, r- - -1. c Victory in Nu& 71. He hath overthrown the chief of the rNubians1; the Negro is rhelpless, defenseless' in his grasp. He hath united the boundaries 'of his twod sides, there is not a remnant among the Cuf;l~-Hake$e who fi come to attack him; there is not a single survivor among them.

Hereditary prince, count, wearer of the royal seal,e chief treasurer, herald 'of his Lord: -1, a gAhmose, called Pen-Nekhbet (Pn-Nw't), triumphant; he says: "I followed King Nebpehtire (Nbphty-R C, Ahmose I), triumphant. " [Continued Q 401 Campaigns, three originals: (I) statue-base belonging to Mr. Finlay, Zeds c h r t fiir agyptische Spruche, 1883, 77, 78; (2) statue-base in the Louvre, Lepsius, Auswahl & wichtigsten Urkun&n, XIV A; Prisse, Monuments igyptiens, IV; (3)' Ahmose's tomb-wall at El Kab, Lepsius, D e n k d e r , 111, 43, a (lower lefthand corner), and Sethe, Utz&rszuhungen, I, 85.

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