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American Indians in World War I: at home and at war by Thomas A. Britten

By Thomas A. Britten

In the course of global warfare I, approximately 10,000 local americans both enlisted or have been drafted into the yankee Expeditionary strength. 3 comparable questions are tested intensive for the 1st time during this ebook: What have been the battlefield reviews of local americans? How did racial and cultural stereotypes approximately Indians have an effect on their tasks? Did their wartime contributions bring about adjustments in federal Indian coverage or their average of living?Many American Indians special themselves combating at the Western entrance. And in comparison to black and Mexican American infantrymen, Indians loved close to common recognize while in uniform. To have a good time their patriotism in the course of and after the warfare, Indians may well even practice a number of conventional ceremonies differently proscribed. either in strive against and of their aid roles at the homefront, together with volunteer contributions through Indian ladies, local american citizens was hoping their efforts might bring about a extra lively software of democracy. however the Bureau of Indian Affairs persisted to chop overall healthiness and teaching programs and to suppress Indian cultures. "This is a major booklet and an important contribution to twentieth-century Indian history."--Professor Donald L. Parman

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Extra resources for American Indians in World War I: at home and at war

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In May 1890, however, Wheeler received orders to proceed to Fort Reno, Indian Territory, to form an experimental company of one hundred men to test whether or not American Indians would make good soldiers. On May 17, 1890, Wheeler, with forty scouts and their families, traveled to his new post where his men patrolled the Indian Territory for "Sooners" and other trespassers. In November, Major J. P. Sanger inspected Wheeler's unit and remarked that the Native Americans had a "peculiar aptitude" for military service and had performed their duties admirably.

Company I, Twelfth Infantry, commanded by Lieutenant William Wotherspoon, was the largest Indian unit in the nation and included Apache prisoners from Mount Vernon Barracks, Alabama, as well as men from the San Carlos reservation in Arizona. When given the choice of enlisting or remaining in jail, the Apache inmates opted for military service. Among the young officers assigned to Indian companies was future Army Chief of Staff Hugh L. Scott, who commanded Kiowas and Comanches in Troop L, Seventh Cavalry, at Fort Sill, Oklahoma.

A few veterans later joined the Crow police force. In addition, Indian units served the army faithfully and performed a variety of important tasks. Army officials dispatched Troop L, Sixth Cavalry, for example, to Wyoming to help maintain peace during the Johnson County range war; Northern Cheyennes in Troop L, Eighth Cavalry, protected property belonging to the Northern Pacific Railroad Company during periods of labor unrest, and Navajo soldiers assigned to Troop L, Second Cavalry, served as couriers and scouts in campaigns against off-reservation Apaches; Hugh L.

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