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Advances in Clinical Child Psychology: Volume 20 by Barbara Maughan, Michael Rutter (auth.), Thomas H.

By Barbara Maughan, Michael Rutter (auth.), Thomas H. Ollendick, Ronald J. Prinz (eds.)

It is with either delight and unhappiness that we put up the 20th and final quantity of Advances in medical baby Psychology. This sequence has noticeable a protracted and profitable run beginning lower than the editorship of Ben Lahey and Alan Kazdin, who handed the baton to us at quantity 14. we're thankful to the numerous participants through the years and to the Plenum employees for generating a high quality product in a well timed demeanour. This quantity covers a various array of vital themes. within the open­ ing bankruptcy, Maughan and Rutter discover the study literatures with regards to continuity and discontinuity of delinquent habit from formative years to maturity. Their evaluate and conceptualization emphasize the importance of hyperactivity and inattention, early-onset behavior difficulties, low reac­ tivity to emphasize, and negative peer relatives as very likely influential variables within the patience of delinquent habit. Social cognitions, environmental continuities, substance abuse, cumulative chains of lifestyles occasions, and protec­ tive tactics are regarded as well.

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2. Accentuation Effects A second mechanism for the stabilization of behavior reflects what Elder and Caspi (1990) have described as the accentuation principle: that new or challenging experiences, though often assumed to prompt change in behavioral development, may in some circumstances function to reinforce existing patterns. Previously vulnerable individuals are most susceptible to the effects of stressors (Rodgers, 1990), and in novel, uncertain, or unpredictable situations, individuals must have recourse to their own inner resources in deciding how to act (Caspi & Moffitt, 1993).

Bird, H. , & Bravo, M. (1995). Child psychiatric epidemiology: What we have learned and what we need to learn. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 5, 79-92. Cantwell, D. , & Rutter, M. (1994). Classification: Conceptual issues and substantive findings. In E. Taylor, L. Hersov, & M. ), Child and adolescent psychiatry: Modern approaches (pp. 3-21). Oxford, UK: Blackwell Scientific Publications. , & Rutter, M. (1991). Comorbidity in child psychopathology: Concepts, issues and research strategies.

Further tests, exploring the persistence of positive turningpoint experiences across subsequent life transitions, are needed here. In CONTINUITIES AND DISCONTINUITIES IN ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR 33 addition, the more extended "timetable" for the transition to adulthood in recent generations may hold important implications for the ages at which young people gain access to constructive adult involvements (Graham & Bowling, 1995), and so for secular trends in persistence in crime. B. Protective Factors To conclude, we turn briefly to the question of individual and social factors that may protect against continuance in deviant behavior or crime.

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