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Acts of Conscience: World War II, Mental Institutions, and by Steven Taylor

By Steven Taylor

Within the mid- to overdue Nineteen Forties, a gaggle of younger males rattled the psychiatric institution through beaming a public highlight at the squalid stipulations and brutality in our nation's psychological hospitals and coaching colleges for individuals with psychiatric and highbrow disabilities. Bringing the abuses to the eye of newspapers and magazines around the nation, they led a reform attempt to alter public attitudes and to enhance the educational and standing of institutional employees. those younger males have been one of the 12,000 international warfare II conscientious objectors who selected to accomplish civilian public provider as a substitute to battling. performing on judgment of right and wrong a moment time, they challenged America's therapy of its voters with serious disabilities. Acts of moral sense brings to mild the extreme efforts of those brave males, drawing upon huge archival learn, interviews, and private correspondence.

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Extra info for Acts of Conscience: World War II, Mental Institutions, and Religious Objectors

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After all it is not part of our creed. Our creed takes care of matters not having to do with this. This is a matter of opinion. There has been no Papal pronouncement on war and peace. There has been many a pronouncement on armament and conscription, and there has been no pronouncement—I mean that puts people under pain of mortal sin.  . So there is nothing in the Catholic creed which would entitle us to that exemption. 21 The Catholic Workers movement was one of a fair number of odd groups out in the pacifist movement in the 1940s.

We must love the jailer as well as the one in prison. ”11 Despite the prominence of the Berrigans and other Catholic activists in the antiwar movement in the Vietnam era, the Catholic hierarchy in the United States never embraced the Catholic Workers’ position during the Vietnam era. 12 Many, if not most, antiwar protesters and COs during the Vietnam era were not pacifists in the strict sense of the term. Opposition to the Vietnam War was based not only, or always, on opposition to warfare but rather on opposition to that specific war.

Bowman put it, “Quite simply, traditional nonresistance had required Brethren to wash the dirt of the world’s streets from their feet. ”34 The Brethren would no longer try to be separate from the affairs of government. In a statement before the House Committee on Military Affairs in 1940, Paul H. Bowman presented the position of the Church of the Brethren. ” Explaining the position of the Brethren on their relationship with the state, he stated, “The Brethren regard their supreme citizenship as being in the commonwealth of God to which they yield their greatest loyalty, but they do accept constructive and creative leadership in the state.

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