By Samuel Elmo Martin
Have you questioned a few eastern sentence your textbook fails to give an explanation for? Do you are feeling uncertain concerning the use of «wa,» «ga,» and «mo?» Or what the foundations and meanings of phrases of their literary types are? if that is so, you'll find your solutions in A Reference Grammar of jap, the main finished and trustworthy reference resource on hand. With an intensive 105-page index, the reader will speedy locate motives for debris akin to wa, ga, mo, ni, and de tough nouns similar to mono, koto, tokoro, wake, hazu, and tame sentence extensions resembling ne, yo, sa, yara, and nari verb tenses, literary varieties, adverse varieties - in brief, every little thing thinking about the japanese language. For the intense scholar, this ebook is necessary for clearing up the ambiguities of confusing eastern sentences.
«A really enormous paintings. the most effective reference grammars ever written approximately any language.» - magazine of Asian Studies
«A wealth of knowledge has been packed among the covers.» - Monumenta Nipponica
«By a ways the main entire reference grammar of eastern within the English language (and might be in any language).» - magazine of Linguistics
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Additional info for A Reference Grammar of Japanese
Are at tached to the noun to make a single phonological word, with no juncture between. That is why some writers of romanized forms wi l l separate the noun from the copula a nd/or the particles by a hyphen rather than a space. But under various circumstances a m i nor junc ture may be heard between a nou n and the fol lowing copu la or marker. A tonic noun phrase is sometimes emphasized by optiona l ly inserti ng the minor juncture ( here noted by a single bar) when a mar ker is focused with wa or m o : Nagasaki [ I 1 kara m o, Satoo san [ I ] t o wa, Tyuugoku [ I ] -gurai wa, ...
To Vardul ' s examples we can add : ... yoozi ga attara zibun no hoo kara iku ... 44d) ; Watasi kara i i-tai koto wa ... 'What I want to say is .. '. ' or 'Shal l I be the first to spea k? 42) . 2. '(leaving/removi ng) from' a place-cf. o 3. 3. (= de 2) '(composed ) of' (X to Y kara natte iru 'is composed of X and Y ') , material '( made) out of'. Notice that Danta i wa A to B (to C) kara natte iru 'The group consists of A a nd B (and C)' amounts to the same thi ng as Dantai nf wa A to B (to C) ga aru.
2. Marking of adjuncts : noun postpositions ("particles" ) 47 natta desyoo 'He had a good head on his shoulders, too; i f he'd worked for a bank, say, I bet he would 've become a section head at least' (SA 2665. 1 18d) . The source of some of these morphemes is u nclear, though I have elsewhere ( Martin 1 968) suggested Korean cognates for the essive n i and the subject marker ga, relating the latter to the morpheme ka which serves both languages as a postadnom inal noun meaning 'the question of ...