By Mary Beth Norton, Carol Sheriff, David M. Katzman, David W. Blight, Howard Chudacoff
The short version of A humans AND A kingdom preserves the text's method of American background as a narrative of all American humans. identified for a couple of strengths, together with its well-respected writer group and interesting narrative, the e-book emphasizes social historical past, giving specific cognizance to race and racial identification. Like its full-length counterpart, the short 8th variation specializes in tales of daily humans, cultural variety, paintings, and pop culture. a brand new layout makes for simpler studying and note-taking. occasions as much as and together with the election of 2008 are up-to-date and incorporated, and new bankruptcy has been written on "The Contested West." to be had within the following cut up strategies: A humans AND A country, short 8th variation entire (Chapters 1-33), ISBN: 0547175582; quantity I: To 1877 (Chapters 1-16), ISBN: 0547175590; quantity II: due to the fact 1865 (Chapters 16-33), ISBN: 0547175604.
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Additional resources for A People and a Nation: A History of the United States, Volume 1: To 1877, Brief
The pelt trade wiped out beaver in some regions. The disappearance of their dams led to soil erosion, which later increased when European settlers cleared forests for farmland. In the mid-sixteenth century, English “sea dogs” like John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake raided Spanish treasure ﬂeets from the Caribbean. Their actions helped foment a war that in 1588 culminated in the defeat of the Spanish Armada off the English coast. English leaders started to consider planting colonies in the Western Hemisphere, thereby gaining better access to trade goods while preventing Spain from dominating the Americas.
European Societies What were the motives behind ﬁfteenth and sixteenth century European explorations? While technological advances and powerful rulers facilitated explorations, the driving force behind them was the quest for a transoceanic trade route that would provide direct access to African and Asian goods such as silks, dyes, jewels, sugar, gold, and spices. This would allow northern Europeans to bypass the Muslim and Venetian merchants who served as middle men for these items. Rulers also believed that the more they controlled access to these much-desired products, the better their nation’s standing would be relative to other countries.
Acquiring products directly would improve a country’s income and its standing relative to other countries. Spreading Christianity around the world supplemented the economic motive. Fifteenth-century Europeans saw no conﬂict between materialistic and spiritual goals. Explorers and colonizers—especially Roman Catholics—sought to convert “heathen” peoples and also hoped to increase their nation’s wealth via direct trade with Africa, China, India, and the Moluccas. EARLY EUROPEAN EXPLORATIONS To reach Asia, seafarers also required knowledge of the sea, its currents and winds.