By John H. Hann
While Spanish and French explorers first landed in Florida early within the sixteenth century, Timucua audio system occupied extra land region and have been extra various than the other aboriginal crew. this can be their first distinctive background, a big examine that locations its writer within the vanguard of Spanish colonial historians operating within the usa. The Timucua are the one local humans of Florida whose language survives in literature in adequate caliber and volume to allow major examine. hoping on formerly unused files, this account of the Timucua strains their event from first touch with Europeans to their exile to Cuba in 1763 and their ultimate eradication. starting with the query in their quantity and their destinations in northern Florida and southern Georgia, John Hann examines the Timucua's contacts with quite a few ecu teams, beginning with Ponce de Le?n's day trip. He features a targeted presentation in their event less than the challenge regimes, and covers such issues because the Europeans' descriptions of the folks, their language, tradition, and political constructions, the derivation in their language, and the meanings in their placenames and titles. He additionally resolves confusion over the level of the territory of a Timucua subgroup referred to as the Mocama, and discusses different Florida local peoples who moved into Timucua territory as refugees in the course of the first half the 18th century.
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Additional info for A History of the Timucua Indians and Missions (Ripley P. Bullen Series)
The Utina lived from the Santa Fe River northward into southern Georgia and westward through that territory to the Suwannee and Alapaha rivers. Utina's easternmost village appears to have been at Itchetucknee Springs. Utina's northern boundaries are less certain. A northern tier of Timucua villages in the south Georgia hinterland west of the Okefenokee Swamp may have constituted one or more distinct provinces. A soldier referred to Arapaha as a province in 1630, describing it as bordering on the east with the province of Santa Isabel (de Utinahica) and on the west with Apalachee (Worth 1992a:69).
López 1602; Pareja 1602). But in applying the name to the language in the titles of his various works, it is probable that Pareja (1612b) used the name in the broad sense to embrace all who spoke the language. Thus the earliest of his works bore the title Catechism in the Castilian and Timuquan Languages in Which Is Contained What Can Be Taught to the Adults Who Are to Be Baptized. Governor Pedro de Ybarra gave clearer evidence of using the name in a restrictive sense in 1604, identifying the San Pedro mission as "principal head of the language of Timuqua" (Serrano y Sanz 1912:171).
That probably was not the case. A few years later another Spaniard alluded to "Upper Timucua'' and "Lower Timucua" in a context that makes it clear that Yustaga was "Upper Timucua" and that "Lower Timucua" embraced Santa Fé and San Francisco Potano, two missions in Alachua County (Nieto de Carbajal 1707). By at least the beginning of the seventeenth century, friars and governors were using the name Timucua in a wider sense, applying it to the language that was common to all the provinces and, possibly, to all the people who spoke the language.